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Ivanhoe – Der schwarze Ritter ist ein US-amerikanisch-britischer Ritterfilm aus dem Jahr , der auf dem Roman Ivanhoe von Sir Walter Scott basiert. Ivanhoe ist ein publizierter Roman von Sir Walter Scott und zugleich der Name der Hauptperson des Romans, des Kreuzritters Sir Wilfred of Ivanhoe. Ivanhoe ist ein publizierter Roman von Sir Walter Scott und zugleich der Name der Hauptperson des Romans, des Kreuzritters Sir Wilfred of Ivanhoe.

Ivanhoe accompanies King Richard on the Crusades , where he is said to have played a notable role in the Siege of Acre ; and tends to Louis of Thuringia, who suffers from malaria.

The book opens with a scene of Norman knights and prelates seeking the hospitality of Cedric. They are guided there by a pilgrim , known at that time as a palmer.

Following the night's meal, the palmer observes one of the Normans, the Templar Brian de Bois-Guilbert, issue orders to his Saracen soldiers to capture Isaac.

The palmer then assists in Isaac's escape from Rotherwood, with the additional aid of the swineherd Gurth. Isaac of York offers to repay his debt to the palmer with a suit of armour and a war horse to participate in the tournament at Ashby-de-la-Zouch Castle, on his inference that the palmer was secretly a knight.

The palmer is taken by surprise, but accepts the offer. The tournament is presided over by Prince John. On the first day of the tournament, a bout of individual jousting , a mysterious knight, identifying himself only as "Desdichado" described in the book as Spanish, taken by the Saxons to mean Disinherited , defeats Bois-Guilbert.

The masked knight declines to reveal himself despite Prince John's request, but is nevertheless declared the champion of the day and is permitted to choose the Queen of the Tournament.

He bestows this honour upon the Lady Rowena. On the second day, at a melee , Desdichado is the leader of one party, opposed by his former adversaries.

Desdichado's side is soon hard pressed and he himself beset by multiple foes until rescued by a knight nicknamed 'Le Noir Faineant' "the Black Sluggard" , who thereafter departs in secret.

When forced to unmask himself to receive his coronet the sign of championship , Desdichado is identified as Wilfred of Ivanhoe, returned from the Crusades.

This causes much consternation to Prince John and his court who now fear the imminent return of King Richard.

Ivanhoe is severely wounded in the competition yet his father does not move quickly to tend to him. Instead, Rebecca, a skilled healer tends to him while they are lodged near the tournament and then convinces her father to take Ivanhoe with them to their home in York, when he is fit for that trip.

The conclusion of the tournament includes feats of archery by Locksley, such as splitting a willow reed with his arrow.

Cedric, Athelstane and the Lady Rowena meet them and agree to travel together. The party is captured by de Bracy and his companions and taken to Torquilstone, the castle of Front-de-Boeuf.

The swineherd Gurth and Wamba the jester manage to escape, and then encounter Locksley, who plans a rescue. The Black Knight, having taken refuge for the night in the hut of a local friar , the Holy Clerk of Copmanhurst, volunteers his assistance on learning about the captives from Robin of Locksley.

They then besiege the Castle of Torquilstone with Robin's own men, including the friar and assorted Saxon yeomen. Inside Torquilstone, de Bracy expresses his love for the Lady Rowena but is refused.

Brian de Bois-Guilbert tries to seduce Rebecca and is rebuffed. Front-de-Boeuf tries to wring a hefty ransom from Isaac of York, but Isaac refuses to pay unless his daughter is freed.

When the besiegers deliver a note to yield up the captives, their Norman captors demand a priest to administer the Final Sacrament to Cedric; whereupon Cedric's jester Wamba slips in disguised as a priest, and takes the place of Cedric, who escapes and brings important information to the besiegers on the strength of the garrison and its layout.

The besiegers storm the castle. The castle is set aflame during the assault by Ulrica, the daughter of the original lord of the castle, Lord Torquilstone, as revenge for her father's death.

Front-de-Boeuf is killed in the fire while de Bracy surrenders to the Black Knight, who identifies himself as King Richard and releases de Bracy.

The Lady Rowena is saved by Cedric, while the still-wounded Ivanhoe is rescued from the burning castle by King Richard.

In the fighting, Athelstane is wounded and presumed dead while attempting to rescue Rebecca, whom he mistakes for Rowena.

Following the battle, Locksley plays host to King Richard. In the meantime, Bois-Guilbert rushes with his captive to the nearest Templar Preceptory, where Lucas de Beaumanoir, the Grand-Master of the Templars , takes umbrage at Bois-Guilbert's infatuation and subjects Rebecca to a trial for witchcraft.

At Bois-Guilbert's secret request, she claims the right to trial by combat ; and Bois-Guilbert, who had hoped for the position, is devastated when the Grand-Master orders him to fight against Rebecca's champion.

Rebecca then writes to her father to procure a champion for her. Cedric organises Athelstane's funeral at Coningsburgh , in the midst of which the Black Knight arrives with a companion.

Cedric, who had not been present at Locksley's carousal, is ill-disposed towards the knight upon learning his true identity; but Richard calms Cedric and reconciles him with his son.

During this conversation, Athelstane emerges — not dead, but laid in his coffin alive by monks desirous of the funeral money. Soon after this reconciliation, Ivanhoe receives word from Isaac beseeching him to fight on Rebecca's behalf.

Ivanhoe, riding by day and night, arrives in time for the trial by combat, but horse and man are exhausted, with little chance of victory.

The two knights make one charge at each other with lances, Bois-Guilbert appearing to have the advantage. However, Bois-Guilbert, a man trying to have it all without offering to marry Rebecca, dies in the saddle before the combat can continue, dead of natural causes.

Fearing further persecution, Rebecca and her father plan to leave England for Granada. Before leaving, Rebecca comes to bid Rowena a fond farewell on her wedding day.

Ivanhoe and Rowena marry and live a long and happy life together. Ivanhoe's military service ended with the death of King Richard.

An imaginary letter from the Rev. He wishes to provide an English counterpart to the preceding Waverley novels, in spite of various difficulties arising from the chronologically remote setting made necessary by the earlier progress of civilisation south of the Border.

Gurth the swineherd and Wamba the jester discuss life under Norman rule. Aymer and Bois-Guilbert discuss the beauty of Cedric's ward Rowena and are redirected, this time correctly, by a palmer [Ivanhoe in disguise].

Isaac enters and is befriended by the palmer; Cedric laments the decay of the Saxon language; the palmer refutes Bois-Guilbert's assertion of Templar supremacy in a tournament in Palestine, where Ivanhoe defeated him; the palmer and Rowena give a pledge for a return match; and Isaac is thunderstruck by Bois-Guilbert's denial of his assertion of poverty.

On the road to Sheffield the palmer tells Rowena that Ivanhoe will soon be home. In the morning he offers to protect Isaac from Bois-Guilbert, whom he has overheard giving instructions for his capture.

Isaac mentions a source of horse and armour of which he guesses he has need. As the audience for a tournament at Ashby assembles Prince John amuses himself by making fun of Athelstane and Isaac.

The Disinherited Knight refuses to ransom Bois-Guilbert's armour, declaring that their business is not concluded. He instructs his attendant, Gurth in disguise, to convey money to Isaac to repay him for arranging the provision of his horse and armour.

Gurth does so, but Rebecca secretly refunds the money. Gurth is assailed by a band of outlaws, but they spare him on hearing his story and after he has defeated one of their number, a miller, at quarter-staves.

The Disinherited Knight's party triumph at the tournament, with the aid of a knight in black [Richard in disguise]; he is revealed as Ivanhoe and faints as a result of the wounds he has incurred.

John encourages De Bracy to court Rowena and receives a warning from France that Richard has escaped. Locksley [Robin Hood] triumphs in an archery contest.

At the tournament banquet Cedric continues to disown his son who has been associating with the Normans but drinks to the health of Richard, rather than John, as the noblest of that race.

De Bracy disguised as a forester tells Fitzurse of his plan to capture Rowena and then 'rescue' her in his own person.

Before going to the banquet Cedric learned that Ivanhoe had been removed by unknown carers; Gurth was recognised and captured by Cedric's cupbearer Oswald.

Cedric finds Athelstane unresponsive to his attempts to interest him in Rowena, who is herself only attracted by Ivanhoe. Rowena persuades Cedric to escort Isaac and Rebecca who have been abandoned along with a sick man [Ivanhoe] in their care by their hired protectors.

Wamba helps Gurth to escape again. De Bracy mounts his attack, during which Wamba escapes. He meets up with Gurth and they encounter Locksley who, after investigation, advises against a counter-attack, the captives not being in immediate danger.

Locksley sends two of his men to watch De Bracy. At Copmanhurst he meets the Black Knight who agrees to join in the rescue. De Bracy tells Bois-Guilbert he has decided to abandon his 'rescue' plan, mistrusting his companion though the Templar says it is Rebecca he is interested in.

On arrival at Torquilstone castle Cedric laments its decline. The narrator refers the reader to historical instances of baronial oppression in medieval England.

A hag Urfried [Ulrica] warns Rebecca of her forthcoming fate. Rebecca impresses Bois-Guilbert by her spirited resistance to his advances.

Wamba offers to spy out the castle posing as a confessor. Entering the castle, Wamba exchanges clothes with Cedric who encounters Rebecca and Urfried.

She says she will give a signal when the time is ripe for storming the castle. The monk Ambrose arrives seeking help for Aymer who has been captured by Locksley's men.

Retrospective chapter detailing Rebecca's care for Ivanhoe from the tournament to the assault on Torquilstone. Rebecca describes the assault on Torquilstone to the wounded Ivanhoe, disagreeing with his exalted view of chivalry.

The chapter opens with a retrospective account of the attackers' plans and the taking of the barbican. Bois-Guilbert rescues Rebecca, striking down Athelstane who thinks it is Rowena.

Ulrica perishes in the flames after singing a wild pagan hymn. Locksley supervises the orderly division of the spoil. Friar Tuck brings Isaac whom he has rescued and made captive, and engages in good-natured buffeting with the Black Knight.

De Bracy informs John that Richard is in England. Together with Fitzurse he threatens to desert John but the prince responds cunningly.

At the priory Beaumanoir tells Mountfitchet that he intends to take a hard line with Templar irregularities.

Beaumanoir tells Albert Malvoisin of his outrage at Rebecca's presence in the preceptory. Albert insists to Bois-Guilbert that her trial for sorcery must proceed.

Mountfichet says he will seek evidence against her. Rebecca is tried and found guilty. At Bois-Guilbert's secret prompting she demands that a champion defend her in trial by combat.

Rebecca's demand is accepted, Bois-Guilbert being appointed champion for the prosecution. Bearing a message to her father, Higg meets him and Nathan on their way to the preceptory and Isaac goes in search of Ivanhoe.

Rebecca rejects Bois-Guilbert's offer to fail to appear for the combat in return for her love. Albert persuades him that it is in his interest to appear.

The Black Knight leaves Ivanhoe to travel to Coningsburgh castle for Athelstane's funeral and Ivanhoe follows him the next day.

The Black Knight is rescued by Locksley from an attack carried out by Fitzurse on John's orders, and reveals his identity as Richard to his companions, prompting Locksley to identify himself as Robin Hood.

Richard talks to Ivanhoe and dines with the outlaws before Robin arranges a false alarm to put an end to the delay.

The party arrive at Coningsburgh. Richard procures Ivanhoe's pardon from his father. Athelstane appears, not dead, giving his allegiance to Richard and surrendering Rowena to Ivanhoe.

Ivanhoe appears as Rebecca's champion and Bois-Guilbert dies the victim of his contending passions. Beaumanoir and his Templars leave Richard defiantly.

Cedric agrees to the marriage of Ivanhoe and Rowena. Rebecca takes her leave of Rowena as her father and she go to make a new life under the tolerant King of Grenada.

Critics of the novel have treated it as a romance intended mainly to entertain boys. Scott treats themes similar to those of some of his earlier novels, like Rob Roy and The Heart of Midlothian , examining the conflict between heroic ideals and modern society.

In the latter novels, industrial society becomes the centre of this conflict as the backward Scottish nationalists and the "advanced" English have to arise from chaos to create unity.

Similarly, the Normans in Ivanhoe , who represent a more sophisticated culture, and the Saxons, who are poor, disenfranchised, and resentful of Norman rule, band together and begin to mould themselves into one people.

The conflict between the Saxons and Normans focuses on the losses both groups must experience before they can be reconciled and thus forge a united England.

The particular loss is in the extremes of their own cultural values, which must be disavowed in order for the society to function.

For the Saxons, this value is the final admission of the hopelessness of the Saxon cause. The Normans must learn to overcome the materialism and violence in their own codes of chivalry.

Ivanhoe and Richard represent the hope of reconciliation for a unified future. Ivanhoe, though of a more noble lineage than some of the other characters, represents a middling individual in the medieval class system who is not exceptionally outstanding in his abilities, as is expected of other quasi-historical fictional characters, such as the Greek heroes.

The location of the novel is centred upon southern Yorkshire and northern Nottinghamshire in England. Castles mentioned within the story include Ashby de la Zouch Castle now a ruin in the care of English Heritage , York though the mention of Clifford's Tower , likewise an extant English Heritage property, is anachronistic , it not having been called that until later after various rebuilds and 'Coningsburgh', which is based upon Conisbrough Castle , in the ancient town of Conisbrough near Doncaster the castle also being a popular English Heritage site.

Reference is made within the story to York Minster , where the climactic wedding takes place, and to the Bishop of Sheffield, although the Diocese of Sheffield did not exist at either the time of the novel or the time Scott wrote the novel and was not founded until Ivanhoe returns to England to his estranged father, Cedric Finlay Currie , to be reunited with his love and Cedric's ward, the Lady Rowena Joan Fontaine , and to beg his father's help in raising the ransom.

Cedric refuses to help a Norman king and orders his son to leave. Wamba Emlyn Williams , Cedric's court jester , begs to go with Ivanhoe and is made his squire.

Two separate parties of travellers arrive and are granted Cedric's hospitality: That night, two Normans try to rob Isaac, but are foiled by Ivanhoe.

Not feeling safe, Isaac decides to return home to Sheffield ; Ivanhoe offers to escort him there. When they reach Isaac's home, Ivanhoe secures his help in raising the ransom by promising better treatment for the Jews once Richard returns.

Rebecca Elizabeth Taylor , Isaac's daughter, visits Ivanhoe secretly in the night to reward him for rescuing her father; she gives him jewels to purchase arms and a horse for an important upcoming joust.

She falls in love with him, despite the great social gulf between them. Nearly everyone of note is at the tournament, including Prince John.

Norman knights loyal to him defeat all comers. Just when it seems that they are victorious, a mysterious Saxon knight appears, arrayed all in black, with white trim, his face hidden behind his visor.

He does not give his name, but challenges all five Norman champions. He easily defeats the first three, Malvoisin, Ralph, and Front de Boeuf Francis de Wolff , one after the other, and also wins the fourth bout against de Bracy, but is seriously wounded in the shoulder.

His identify is guessed by some. When Ivanhoe salutes Rebecca, Bois-Guilbert is immediately smitten by her beauty. In the last joust against Bois-Guilbert, Ivanhoe falls from his horse.

He is carried off, to be tended to by Rebecca. The rest make for the city of York , but are captured and taken to the castle of Front de Boeuf.

When Ivanhoe hears the news, he gives himself up in exchange for his father's freedom. However, the Normans treacherously keep them both. Robin Hood's men storm the castle.

In the fighting, de Boeuf drives Wamba to his death in a burning part of the castle and is slain in turn by Ivanhoe. Bois-Guilbert alone escapes, using Rebecca as a human shield, while de Bracy is captured after attempting the same with Rowena.

Meanwhile, the enormous ransom is finally collected, but the Jews face a cruel choice: Ivanhoe promises Isaac that he will rescue Rebecca.

At Rebecca's trial, she is condemned to be burned at the stake as a witch , but Ivanhoe appears and challenges the verdict, invoking the right to " wager of battle.

Bois-Guilbert makes a last desperate plea to Rebecca: She refuses, saying, "We are all in God's hands, sir knight.

In the battle to the death, Ivanhoe is unhorsed, but manages to pull Bois-Guilbert from his horse and inflict a mortal wound with his battle axe. As he lies dying, Bois-Guilbert tells Rebecca that it is he who loves her, not Ivanhoe.

Rebecca acknowledges this to Rowena. King Richard and his knights arrive to reclaim the throne from his brother. The King calls on his kneeling people to rise, not as Normans or Saxons, but as Englishmen.

In the film's main scriptwriter, Marguerite Roberts, was ordered to appear before the House Un-American Activities Committee , where she and her husband, John Sanford , cited the Fifth Amendment and refused to answer questions about whether they had been members of the American Communist Party.

Consequently, they were both blacklisted , [2] and MGM received permission from the Screen Writers Guild to remove Roberts' credit from the film.

It would take nine years before she was allowed to work in Hollywood again. It was released early in , but she wasn't credited.

Woodland scenes were shot in Ashridge Forest, Herts and Bucks. Miklos Rozsa's score [5] is one of his most highly regarded, and it received both Academy Award and Golden Globe nominations.

However, the composer was deeply disappointed with the film's treatment of Scott's novel, as he explained in his autobiography:. The music of Quo Vadis established me as a composer of 'epic' scores.

I became apparently a specialist in historical pictures, much to my delight.

ivanhoe -

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Ivanhoe -

Sie wendet sich daher dem sterbenden Bois-Guilbert zu. Der König der Gaukler. Sein Name laute Wilfred von Ivanhoe. Dove Entertainment Inc Availability: Ob sie nu rumziehenden Soldaten oder Räubern oder langweiligen Pilgern in die Hände fällt, es kommt doch alles auf eins raus.

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